In this essay we will be discussing normalisation and linking it with the concept of deviations. Outline the importance of the favourable environment in supporting normalisation. We going to explain the maturational nature of normalisation linked to the child’s growing socialisation. Also describing the teacher’s initial approach with new children. Explaining the change in the teacher’s role as each child begins to concentrate and focus on activities, and the impact this has on the child’s growing normalisation. Showing an understanding of why the child might regress. A child’s conversion is a physic cure, like returning to being normal. The ‘normal child’ would be one that is precociously intelligent, who has learned to be in peace and overcome him/herself, and who also prefers a difficult task in order to futile idleness. If we look closely we will see that the child has a different need to that of an adult, where the adult has reached the norm of the species but the child is in a constant state of metamorphosis. The integration that the child achieves is through work. This is when the normalisation of the child begins. All destructive behaviour is ceased and the process of physic integration starts. This means that the child spontaneously reverts to their normal character if the correct conditions prevail. “This is the single most important result of our work. The transition from one stage to another always follows a piece of work done by the hands with real things, work accompanied by mental concentration”. (Montessori, 2007a, pp. 186).
In order for this transformation to take place the child must be so engrossed in the activity that they are concentrating fully, their hand must be involved and the components of the activity must be grounded in reality. Also, he/she must be able to complete it without interruption, the activity must be freely chosen by the child and the aforementioned must recur enough times to allow the child to develop new habits of behaviour. “The process of normalisation is always the same… it does not matter what deviation a child may start… But as each child- individually and in his own time and place- achieves this experience of spontaneous concentration, until it has become a habit, each and all will arrive at the same place.” (Standing, 1998, pp. 173). The characteristics of the normalised child is as follows; A Love for Order, Love for Work, Profound Spontaneous Concentration, Attachment to Reality, Love of silence and working alone, Sublimation of the possessive instinct, Power to act from real choices and not from curiosity, Obedience, Independence and initiate, Mutual aid take the place of competition, Spontaneous Self-Discipline and the Joy of learning. (MCSA 2012). “From this we can see that the special circumstances surrounding the children were a suitable environment, a humble teacher, and material objects adapted to their needs.” (Montessori, 1966, pp. 137). If we look at the favourable environment, it consists of six basic components; Freedom, Structure and Order, Reality and Nature, Beauty and Atmosphere, The Montessori materials, the Development of Community life. Each of these characteristics plays an important part in a child’s normalisation development. Through the joy of learning independents. These characteristics support the child with developing bonds of unity, makes it easier for a child to learn from another rather than the teacher, the child learns to relate to other children of all ages, especially if there are no siblings, slow learning children will not feel isolated and/or left behind, the child learns to accept the differences everyone in the classroom has, the child learns to communicate and socialized at all levels. (MCSA 2012). If a child is an in inappropriate environment, the development of that child will suffer to such an extent that he will not be able to experience the favourable environment and benefit from it. The child will...
Montessori Centre International (2010) Philosophy Module 1 London: MCI
Montessori, M. (1966) The Secret of Childhood New York: Ballantine
Montessori, M. (2007a) The Absorbent Mind Amsterdam: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company
Montessori, M. (2007b) The Discovery of the Child Amsterdam: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company
Standing, E. M. (1998) Maria Montessori, Her Life and Work New York: Plume
Please join StudyMode to read the full document