What Can Schools Do to Prevent Tardiness?
Students who arrive late to class are often disruptive to the class; they may also miss valuable instructions from teachers. School administrators, teachers and other school staff members can implement various policies and techniques designed to reduce the amount of student tardiness. Establish Rules
* Establish clear rules at the beginning of the school year regarding the schools attendance and punctuality policy. Outline a clear plan on the consequences for unexcused absences and late arrivals. Be consistent with the rules, as students typically will notice otherwise. Involve the Parents
* For frequently tardy students, address the matter with the student's parent. Some parents are at fault for their child's frequent tardiness. Involve the parents by asking for their help and explaining the school policy on tardiness. Tardy Report Card
* Draw up an individual contract to motivate a frequently tardy student to improve her behavior. Use a daily or weekly tardiness report card. Reward students who are obviously making an effort to reduce their tardiness with recognition. Make the subject of school attendance and punctuality an important one to give students the motivation to attend school on time. Detention
* Issue a tardy detention for continuously tardy students. Give a detention for each tardy; have the student serve the detention on breaks and after school. Send home a notice of the reason for the detention to the parents; require the student to return the notice signed by the parent. Withhold Credits
* Communicate with students and parents about how school attendance and punctuality are required to earn the credits for the class. A teacher's instructions are necessary and important for a student's learning; they should not be missed or interrupted by a student arriving late. Avoid Morning Downtime
* Begin working immediately at the time class is to start. Late students who miss only a few minutes of downtime may not see the point in arriving to class on time; however, missing important information can motivate some students to avoid being tardy. Require Tardy Slips
* Require late students to go to the school office and request a tardy slip before they can join the class. Keep track of each tardy and address your concerns with the student, the parent and the principal of the school. In most cases, this process is motivating for students to arrive to class on time.
Students come to class late.
When students come to class late, it can disrupt the flow of a lecture or discussion, distract other students, impede learning, and generally erode class morale. Moreover, if left unchecked, lateness can become chronic and spread throughout the class. Because there are a number of possible reasons students arrive to class late, considering which causes are at the root of the problem can help guide instructors to appropriate responses and strategies. Understanding the reasons, however, does not require tolerating the behavior.
Students lack interest or motivation.
Students see little value in the course or its content.
Regardless of the objective value of an activity or topic, if students do not recognize its value, they may not be motivated to expend effort. However, if students clearly see how coursework connects to their goals, interests, and concerns, they will be more likely to value it, and thus more motivated to invest time and effort. Strategies:
* Clearly articulate learning goals.
* Show relevance to students’ academic lives.
* Demonstrate relevance to students’ professional lives. * Highlight real-world applications of knowledge and skills. * Connect to students’ personal interests.
* Allow students some degree of choice.
* Show your own passion and enthusiasm.
Clearly articulate learning goals.
Students will be more motivated to work if they know...
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