Topics: Computer, Personal computer, ENIAC Pages: 6 (1885 words) Published: November 3, 2006
Computers have made life easier for the human race. Americans today take for granted the great impact the computer has on their lives, making things easier, faster, and more convenient for them. Computers helped the world a lot and helped us take a large step into the future. Almost anything you know is run or made by computers, industry, cars, jets, and ect. Computers are the most important innovations in history, without computers the world would not be able to function in the manner today that people are accustom to.

Before there were electronic computers most of the tasks we now do with a computer were done other ways. Computers today have replaced many of the roles that people had once done manually. This is both a positive and a negative, people are losing the jobs they once fulfilled and being replaced by this intelligent machine. It is also creating new opportunities for technology in the workplace and creating new types of jobs involving the computer. "People were once necessary to make written entries, keep accounts, make copies of documents, and do mechanical work" (Aspray 9). Instead of a hard drive on the computer, brains were used to store and manipulate information. The major position that humans were replaced in as computers erupted was clerical work or a clerk.

Many of the tasks performed today require the use of computers, but there was actually a time when they were not necessary. Years ago there was no such thing as a word processor, letters, and reports were all handwritten or produced on a typewriter. When people needed to find information on something, there was no internet to search, but yet a library filled with books for them to peruse. Communication was also quite different, use of the telephone or what is now referred to as "snail" mail, when sending letters through the mail.

In the poem "Life before computers," it humorously states ways in which life was different and has changed before the invention of the computer:
An application was for employment
A program was a TV show
A cursor used profanity
A keyboard was a piano!
Memory was something that you lost with age
A CD was a bank account
Compress was something you did to garbage
Not something you did to a file
And if you unzipped anything in public
You'd be in jail for awhile!
Log on was adding wood to a fire
Hard drive was a long trip on the road
A mouse pad was where a mouse lived
And a backup happened to your commode!
Cut - you did with a pocket knife
Paste you did with glue
A web was a spider's home
And a virus was the flu!
I guess I'll stick to my pad and paper
And the memory in my head
I hear nobody's been killed in a computer crash
But when it happens they wish they were dead! (PageTutor 1)

The inventing of computers first started out about two thousand years ago. The first step in the making of the magnificent technology was abacus. Abacus consisted of a wooden rack holding two horizontal wires, strung with beads. Abacus's helped us to solve simple arithmetic problems, users did this by studying the programs rules and bead movements. ""Back in the early 1600 to 1800s, people had theories, plans, or ideas of making a device that could do complex problems and mathematics so that they wouldn't keep writing down problems and solve them manually""(Lewis 2). Many people started building a device that could add and subtract, they called this the calculator or computer. The first digital calculator could add and subtract it was created by a mathematician, named Blaise Pascal. As years passed by, newer calculators or computers were being invented. "In 1671, Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz invented a small computer, not very advanced, but it could add and multiply" (Lewis 9). Charles Xavier Thomas built a calculator that could add, subtract, multiply, and divide. His invention was the first to become successful. The...

Cited: Aspray, William, and Martin Campbell-Kelly. Computer. New York: BasicBooks, 1996.
Lewis, Alfred. The New World of Computers. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company, 1965.
Publish Co. 1984.
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