In this paper we view child labor as a negative externality exerted by some poor countries on richer nations. We inquire into the feasibility of international transfers as a way of addressing this externality. We build a two-country growth model with human capital and child labor. We then calibrate our model to the United States and a poor country, solve it numerically and provide a quantitative description of the minimum transfers necessary to induce the poor to give up child labor. We then check their sustainability from the point of view of the rich
Exploitation of child workers continues in the Philippines due to the inefficiency of the policies promulgated by the government to eradicate child labour. For all children who are deprived of their rights. “But even we have a responsibility too. Because while nobody is angered by their conditions or realizes the waste of a future that is being slowly squandered, they will remain in this world and they will cease to be children. All people were born with rights. Children are people too; so, children also have rights. These rights are violated through child labour. Child labour is defined as, “the employment of a child in a business or industry especially in violation of state or federal statutes prohibiting the employment of children under a specified age.”1 Obviously, it has become a rigid social problem the world over, specifically in third world countries such as the Philippines where child labour is widespread. The authors of this paper will tackle the cases of child labourers, specifically in the city and in provinces of the Philippines. And as for it being one of the social problems existing in the country, does the Philippine government look for ways to manage or better yet, eradicate child labour? The paper focuses on this. It is a known fact that the disadvantages outnumber the advantages of child labour. The researchers present three points, so the reader could better view the advantages and the disadvantages of the said problem. Relationship of child labour to Philippine economy laws about it, government program for child labourers, statistics rate of child labour, kinds of child labour reason for child labour. Child Labour and the Philippine Economy
The historical background could help the reader to understand more of child labour. The purpose of this study is to present the rapid growth or increase of child labourers in the Philippines. Another would be to discuss the effects of child labour to the family, economy, and to the self. Lastly, to cite ways on how to stop child labour. 1 “Child labour,” Industrial child labour first appeared with the development of the domestic system. In this type of production an entrepreneur bought raw materials to be “put out” to the homes of workmen to be spun, woven, sewn, or handled in some other manner. This permitted a division of labour and a degree of specialization among various families. Pay was by piece, and children were extensively used at whatever task they could perform. This system was important in England and in North America from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century and it lingers up to the present in some industries and, in some countries including the Philippines. B. Child labours in the Philippines the kid who is coerced to beg on streets and helps make money for professional beggars. The child prostitute who helps buoy the tourist trade. The emancipated body digging out soil in mines and quarries. The girl working as indentured servant in a private home. The child scavenging in dumpsites. The runner helping distribute illegal drugs. The nubile girl working as a dancer in a night spot, and the teenage starlet exposing mere skin than necessary on the theatre screen. Truly, child labour has many faces. It is a work performed by children either endangers their health or safety, interferes with or prevents their education, or 3 keeps them away from play and other activities...
References: ILO, 1996, p. 5.
ILO, 1996, pp. 5, 8, 12, 14.
Bachman, 1995. Many other examples of products produced by child
labor are cited in U.S
Jose Mercury News, August 25, 1999.
9Rodrigues dos Santos, 1996, and Fundacao Abrinq “From 1995 On:
29Greg Talcott interview, p
33U.S. Depart. of Labor, 1998, p. 8-10. Also, Varley, 1998.
October 27, 2009
Submitted to: Sir Rolando Bayot
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