Basic Computer Concepts

Topics: Computer, Personal computer, Computer data storage Pages: 3 (475 words) Published: August 14, 2014

Chapter 4 – System Unit Components
1.Differentiate among various styles of system units on desktop computers, notebook computers, and mobile devices. Desktop Computers

Electronic components and most storage devices are part of the system unit.

Other input and output devices are outside the system unit.

With the exception of all-in-one desktop which houses the monitor and system unit in the same case. Notebook Computers

The keyboard and pointing device often occupy the area on the top of the system unit.

The display attaches to the system unit by hinges.

On a Tablet PC, the system unit is located depending on the design of the device. Mobile Devices
The system unit on mobile devices usually consumes the entire device.

The display is built into the system unit.

2.Describe the control unit and arithmetic logic unit components of a processor, and explain the four steps in a machine cycle. Control UnitArithmetic Logic Unit


The control unit directs and coordinates most of the operations in the computer – a role much like a traffic cop. The arithmetic logic unit performs arithmetic, comparison, and other operations. The operations include basic calculations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The Machine Cycle repeats a set of four basic operations. First, is to obtain the program instruction or data item from memory (1-Fetch). Then, translate the instruction into signals the computer can execute (2-Decode) and carry out the commands (3-Execute). Last, is to write the result to memory (4-Store). In the shown diagram, the operations (Fetch and Decode) under Control unit is also called the “I-Time” or “Instruction time” and the operations (Execute and Store) that falls to Arithmetic Logic Unit can be called “E-Time” or “Execute Time.” 3.Define a bit and describe how a series of bits represents data.

(short for binary...
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